At the same time, the growth of agricultural production in 2018 allowed to overcome the threshold values of the Doctrine of food security for grain, vegetable oil, beet sugar, meat and fish products.
The Doctrine provides that in order to ensure food security for grain, the share of domestic production in the total volume of its resources should be at least 85%, for sugar - at least 80%, for vegetable oil - at least 80%, for meat and meat products - at least 85%, for milk and dairy products - at least 90%, for fish products - at least 80%, for potatoes - at least 95%, for salt - at least 85%.
As Deputy Director of the Department of economy and state support of the Ministry of agriculture Ksenia Bolomatova reported at the meeting, over the past five years, imports of agricultural products in Russia decreased by 25%. However, in 2018, some growth was noted in comparison with 2017. According to the Ministry of agriculture, the growth was 2.3%.
Thus, the import of cattle increased 1.8 times, to 115.4 thousand heads, vegetables (mainly pepper, celery, spinach, etc.) - by 24%, to 340.2 thousand tons, confectionery - by 15.8%, to 340.6 thousand tons, tomatoes - by 11.5%, to 577.8 thousand tons.
At the same time, the import of pork decreased 2.4 times, to 61.3 thousand tons, sunflower seeds - 2.6 times, to 41 thousand tons, milk powder - 1.5 times, to 166.8 thousand tons, butter – by 10.7%, to 89.4 thousand tons, corn – by 16.1%, to 44.2 thousand tons, onions - 1.7 times, to 214.6 thousand tons.
Meanwhile, the growth rate of export in 2018 was significantly higher and amounted to 19%, to $25.7 billion. The main growth was due to grain exports, which totaled $10.5 billion, which is 39.5% more than the year before.
Кировская область: в поисках баланса
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